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12. GOVERNMENT LIVESTOCK FARM, HISAR
The glorious history of the Govt. Livestock Farm dates back to 1809, when an enterprising Englishman, Major James Lumsdaine started a private Camel Stud for the supply of Camels to the Government and army in the area around Hisar which had got depopulated due to terrible famines generally called the ‘Chalisa Akal’. The Farm changed hands many times. Its name was also changed from time to time starting with the original name of “The Camel Stud” to Ordnance Cattle Farm” in 1854, Government Cattle farm in 1912 and to its present name “the Government Livestock Farm” in 1945. Over the period, its scope of activities was also widened to include breeding of other species such as Cattle, horses, sheep, goat, swine and buffaloes etc. The re-organization of the farm was done during the 3rd five-year plan subdividing it in to different sectors/units each assigned a specific job.
MANDATE:
The major mandate of Govt. Livestock Farm, Hisar remains conservation, propagation and supply of Male Germplasm of high genetic value for fast genetic improvement of livestock and thereby increasing animal productivity.
 
The farm also produces and supplies quality seeds of major fodder crops to the farmers in the state to ensure better feeding vis-a-vis productivity of our world famous Murrah buffaloes and cows of well known Hariana and Sahiwal breeds.
LIVESTOCK :
 
There are approximately 4899 animals belonging to different species such as cattle, buffaloes, horses, donkeys, sheep, goat and pig and breeds including Holstein Friesian, Exotic crosses, Hariana, Sahiwal, Tharparkar cows, Hisar Dale & Nali sheep, Beetal goat, Kathiawari horses, Potou donkeys and Large White Yorkshire pigs. Similarly, the old, sick and diseased animals in addition to those suffering from scheduled diseases such as Brucellosis and Tuberculosis etc. are being kept in isolation at the Gosadan. The various species and breeds of animals being maintained at different units of the farm are as under:-
 
Sector-I
Indigenious breeds of Hariana, Sahiwal and Tharparkar cattle, Kathiawari horses and French donkeys of Potou breed.
Sector-II
Murrah Buffaloes
Sector-III
Holstein Friesian and their crosses (50% exotic); an ISO 9001:2000 certified Semen Bank with state-of-the-art technology.
Pig Breeding Farm
Large White Yorkshire breed of pigs.
Sheep Breeding Farm
Flocks of Hisar Dale, Nali sheep and their crosses; Beetal goats.
Hatchery
Caribro Vishal and Dhanraj (Broiler) birds to supply day-old chicks to rural poultry – breeders.
Gosadan
To keep in isolation sick, old and diseased animals in addition to those suffering from scheduled diseases such as Brucellosis, Tuberculosis etc.
LAND :
 
In the beginning, the farm had a huge area of about 40,000 acres and had the distinction of being the biggest farm in Asia for nearly one and half century. A majority of this area was used as grazing land generally known as “Bir”. But as the development activities picked up after the independence, new institutions were established at Hisar on the land belonging to Govt. Livestock Farm. Since then, about 80% of the farm land had been permanently transferred or leased out to other institutions of Central and State Govt., tenants and political suffers leaving only an area of 7842 acres with the farm.
  About 5443 acres of land at the farm is under cultivation being used to grow fodder crops and grains for feeding of livestock. In addition, good quality fodder seeds are also grown, multiplied and supplied to farmers. A separate unit of “Seed Farm” consisting of 709 acres of land is engaged in production and propagation of quality seed of important fodder crops. The remaining land is under building, sheds, roads and forest/bushes. The land possessed by different sectors/unit is given below:
 
Sector-I 2572 acres
Sector-II 2424 acres
Sector-III 1797 acres
Seed Unit 709 acres
Sheep Breeding Farm 219 acres
Pig Breeding Farm 28 acres
Hatchery 32 acres
T.T.I. 18 acres
HVVI 33 acres
Wool Grading 3 acres
A.I. Centre 1 acres
FARM MACHINERY :
 
The farm has its own mechanical workshop headed by a Mechanical Engineer to look after tractors, farm machinery and other agricultural operations. Keeping in view the distance of 8-10 km among the different sectors, there are two small workshops in sector-II & III in addition to the central workshop. In all, there are 41 tractors including 16 in central workshop, 8 in sector-II, 15 in Sector-III and Seed Farm and 2 in Sheep Breeding Farm.Out of these, 27 Tractors have already completed their useful life of 10000 hrs.In recent years, 22 new tractors have been purchased as replacement. Proposal for more replacements is under process. There are seven jeeps with the oldest model of 1982 and one of the latest model 2006. All these jeeps except recently purchased Tata Sumo have completed more than 2.00 lacs kms. and 3 of them have almost reached 5.00 lacs kms.
  Recently, a multipurpose (Mini JCB) tractor mounted HMT VAJRA has been purchased. It would be an asset to the farm machinery section.
  Recently two new tractor have been included into Seed Farm under R.K.V.Y (Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna). Also Mechanical Sporayer (tractor mounted spray machine for wedicide and pesticide), two trolly and one harrow and cultivator purchased under RKVY scheme in Seed Farm.
STAFF :
 
The total sanctioned strength of staff at the farm after restructuring is 954 against 1493 posts prior to restructuring. The category wise details of the posts filled and vacant is as under:
 
Category
Sanctioned
Filled
Vacant
Class-I
14
9
5
Class-II
6
3
3
Class-III
113
98
15
Class-IV
344
312
32
Total:
477
422
55
BUDGET :
There are seventeen Non Plan Schemes at the farm with eight D.D.O’s. The total budget is about 16.45 crores. The budget for salary head constitutes 70% and for other contingencies 6.0%. the remaining budget is for RRT, Wages, Motor Vehicles, POL and office expenses.
RECENT ACHIEVMENTS :
1.
The Semen Bank has been ISO 9001:2000 certified and equipped with state-of-the-art technology.
2.
Production capacity of frozen semen straws enhanced to 30 lakh doses from the earlier capacity of 2-3 lakhs doses. A stock of more than 10lacs doses of quality frozen semen is available (for the first time) to meet any demand.
3.
Further modifications/renovations of the semen bank are nearing completion to meet sanitary phyto-sanitary (SPS) requirements (essential for export) and make it dust free.
4.
Significant contributions made by Govt. Livestock Farm is genetic improvement of livestock include supply of 29.82 lacs doses of frozen semen, 963 pedigreed sires, 2061 piglets of Large White Yorkshire breed as nucleus stock and 82 stud services of French donkeys and Kathiawari horses, during the last 5 years.
5.
Fodder seed/grain production increased from 4180 quintals in 2000-01 to 6788 quintals in 2009-10. Recently a Centrally Sponsored Scheme has been implemented at Seed Farm with Budget Allocation of 1.59 crore under RKVY scheme.
6.
Farm has become fodder surplus from the fodder deficit state 3 years ago. From the year 2007-08 to 2009-10=2088 Qtl. of Dry fodder have been supplied preserved. Surplus fodder is converted into "Silage" which is fed to animals during lean period. During the year 200-10, 4728 Qtls. Silage was preserved at the Farm as buffer stock.
7.
No disease out break has occurred during the last several years. Whole of the Buffalo herd has been screened for brucellosis and all the female calves of age between 4-8 months & all non pregnant adult buffaloes have been vaccinated with Brucella vaccine strain-19. The mortality rate brought down to under 5% against more than 10% a few years ago.
8.
The receipt of farm increased from Rs. 1.44 crores in 2005-2006 to Rs. 1.83 crores. This does not include cost of grains used for compounding of feed.
9.
Feed mill installed and compounding of own concentrate ration started using farm product grains.
10.
The production and reproduction performance of Exotic/exotic cross bull mothers have been dramatically improved during the last three to four years:
11.
A large number of pedigreed Hariana, Sahiwal and Murrah bulls have been supplied to village panchayats and registered Gaushalas.
 Sector-I
Sr.No.
Parameters
2008-09
2009-10
1
Av. No. of Bulls sold
80
60
2
Wet Average (ltrs.)
Hariana
4.3
4.56.7
Sahiwal
6.6
6.1
Tharparker
6.0
3
Herd Average (ltrs.)
Hariana
2.3
2.6
Sahiwal
3.8
4.3
Tharparker
3.6
3.8
4
Wet:Dry ratio
55:45
61:39
5
Av. Lact. Yield (Ltrs.)
Hariana
1278.1
1236.1
Sahiwal
2025.6
285.2
Tharparker
1663.0
1804.9
6
Total Milk Production (lacs ltrs.)
373516
387109
7
Age at 1st calving (days)
Hariana
1350
1470
Sahiwal
1320
1440
Tharparker
1245
1410
8
No. of services per conception
1.7
2.1
9
Mortality %
3.2
3.2
10
Conception rate (%)
56%
47.6%
11
Birth rate
71.1
73.9
 Sector-II
Sr.No.
Parameters
2008-09
2009-10
1
No. of Bulls sold
127
244
2
Wet Average (ltrs.)
8.86
10.09
3
Herd Average (ltrs.)
4.8
5.85
4
Wet : Dry ratio
45:54
58:42
5
Av. Lact. Yield (Ltrs.)
2540
2821.1
6
Total Milk Production (lacs ltrs.)
1.71
2.62
7
Age at 1st calving (days)
1352
1276
8
No. of services per conception
2.0
1.7
9
Mortality %
2.1%
3.8%
10
Conception rate (%)
43.1
30.61
11
Birth rate
44.6%
69.7%
 Sector-III
Sr.No.
Parameters
2008-09
2009-10
1
No. of Bulls sold
22
41
2
Wet Average (ltrs.)
12.45
12.44
3
Herd Average (ltrs.)
7.9
7.6
4
Wet : Dry ratio
64:36
65:35
5
Av. Lact. Yield (Ltrs.)
3598
3504
6
Total Milk Production (lacs ltrs.)
500578
464497
7
Age at 1st calving (days)
1058
1140
8
No. of services per conception
1.8
1.8
9
Mortality %
58
56
10
Conception rate (%)
60
57
11
Birth rate
188
163
MAJOR SERVICES PROVIDED:
1.
To supply Frozen Semen of high genetic value bulls of indigenous, cross, exotic cattle and Murrah Buffaloes throughout the State & other State like Delhi, U.P. etc.
2.
To supply breeding bulls of indigenous breeds such as Hariana, Sahiwal, Tharparkar to village Panchayats, Gaushalas and Breeding Institutions at concessional rates and also to other States.
3.
To supply exotic bulls and crosses to various agencies including Panchayats.
4.
To supply exotic piglets to bonafide breeders and weaker sections to the society.
5.
To supply Rams and Bucks for breeding and for improvement of rural flocks.
6.
To supply day old chicks to small and marginal poultry farmers.
7.
To supply quality seeds of major fodder crops to farmers in the State.
8.
To supply stud services at concessional rates to Horse and donkey breeders.
9.
To provide training to farmers and un-employed youths in Animal Husbandry.
10.
Use Modern Techniques such as Embryo Transfer for fast genetic improvement.
11.
Imparting refresher courses / training to departmental officers / Officials as a part of Human Resources Development.
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