Haryana has a prominent place in the livestock map of the country in spite of being one of the smallest (1.3 % of total geographical area) States of India. The animal husbandry activities in the State play a pivotal role in the rural economy through a variety of contributions in the form of income generation, draft power, socio-economic upliftment, employment avenues and better nutrition to human population through livestock products like milk, eggs & meat etc. Haryana possesses 2.5% of the bovine population of the country but contributes 83.81 Lakh tonnes milk per year which is more than 5.4% of the nation’s total milk production. Similarly, per capita per day milk availability of the State is quite high @ 835 gms against the national average of 309 gms next only to Punjab where per capita per day milk availability is 1063 gm.
Haryana is the home tract of world famous ‘Murrah’ buffaloes popularly known as ‘black gold’ and the dual purpose ‘Hariana’ cow. The State has since long been the prime source of Murrah germplasm for other States and abroad for up-gradation of their low yielding, nondescript buffaloes. Certainly, the State is proud of its position, achievements, livestock wealth and the significant contributions of this sector to the State economy which is 5.5% of GSDP. It is also a major source of employment throughout the year and livelihood to small farmers, including women. The importance of this sector is ever increasing with the production saturation in crop husbandry and the shrinking of availability of cultivable land.
Department of Animal Husbandry, Haryana is one of the oldest departments established more than a century ago. The department is responsible for providing health care and breeding facilities for the precious livestock of the state. At the time of creation of the State of Haryana in 1966, the State had only 314 veterinary institutions, which has now increased to 2799 indicating tremendous progress in the animal husbandry activities in the State. The department is putting its best to achieve sustainable growth and development of livestock to increase per head productivity and overall production at the rate of 5.6% annually through genetic improvement and quality animal health care services. Providing nutritional security to general public and economic prosperity to the livestock farmers of the State is the prime objective of the department.